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Following the building of the fort, the Kwakiutl population was decimated. By 1906 the total population was reduced to 104 people.Fort Rupert was a hub for steamships serving HBC posts and other trade centres.Walas Kwakiutl (Lakwilala), Kwakiutl (Kwágu7lh), Komkiutis, Kweeha (Komoyoi) and are known collectively as the Kwakiutl: "We have been called the Kwakiutl ever since 1849, when the white people came to stay in our territories.It was a term then applied to all the Kwakw'wakw - that is, all of the people who speak the language Kwakwala" (Kwakiutl Indian Band).In about 1880, a group of Kwakiutl (left) posed for a photograph with three visiting officers (standing in uniform) from the Royal Navy gunship HMS .Many of the Kwakiutl are seen sitting on the ground, wrapped in HBC blankets, a primary object of trade.In this light, the masks can be seen playing the reprehensible role as trophies of victory, mastery, ownership, control and domination.Ironically, these illustrations and texts today form a rare and valuable aid in the survival of First Nations culture.

Chief Humchitt is a fisherman and logger who follows traditional practices when possible, but on occasion wistfully remarks that he was born a hundred years too late.

They still for the most part occupy their original seats and they retain to a large extent their primitive customs and beliefs" 1889 Report.'wakw arriving for a ceremonial in canoes from the sea is the subject of a painting (left) by ethnologist Bill Holm.

International enthusiasm for the indigenous peoples and cultures of the Northwest Coast resulted in a commission given to Franz Boas to provide a colonialist victory display of native people living in a simulation of a house at Tsais for the 1893 World's Columbian Exhibition in Chicago.

Several wear naval caps and other items of western clothing.

The high walls of Fort Rupert are seen in the background adjacent to the equally imposing Kwakiutl tribal houses of Tsais. Adrian Jacobsen The transformation mask (left and above) collected by Jacobsen is described in the Berlin Museum of Ethnology catalogue as a sculptural masterpiece that embodies the rivalry between Kwakiutl chiefs at potlatch ceremonies: "This mask, from a potlatch in Fort Rupert, shows the rivalry in two phases: the closed mask shows a spiritual ancestor of a Kwakiutl tribe who is angry and wants revenge on a rival. Photo: American Museum of Natural History Three decades earlier (18), the Royal Navy had shelled the Nahwitti who retreated as the Brits barbarically destroyed and burned their villages.

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